Australia’s one in five Australians with autism are unaware they have autism, a new study has found.
Key points:The study by the University of Adelaide, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the Commonwealth Health Research Institute looked at a range of autism-related conditions and outcomes and found the prevalence of autism was higher among men than women.
It found a similar level of male-to-female autism in both men and women, but that it was more common in children.
More women than men with autism reported that they had symptoms associated with autism.
More men than men in the study reported they were diagnosed with autism at least once during their childhood.
The study was based on information from more than 25,000 Australian adults, and the researchers were looking at the prevalence and characteristics of autism across a wide range of conditions and symptoms.
It is the first Australian study of its kind to look at autism prevalence and the impact of autism on the lives of males and females, and found it was highest in men and lowest in women.
More than one in 10 Australians with autistic spectrum disorder are men, but the number of men with the condition is expected to grow to one in four by 2025.
Professor Tony Taylor, the study’s lead author and a researcher at the University’s Institute of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, said the study showed men with autistic disorder were more likely to have symptoms that could be linked to autism.
“These men are more likely than women to have a family history of autism and more likely if they have a male sibling or close friend with autism, that that male sibling has autism as well,” he said.
“The reason why these men are particularly vulnerable is because they are more easily identified as having autism.
If you look at the family history, and if you look back at the symptoms, they are the same as if you were looking for a male-only autism case.”
When you look for a female-only case, you’re likely to see more symptoms of autism, and we know that’s because they have more females.
“The researchers also found the risk of autism among male and female individuals was different.”
The findings of the study were published in the journal Autism Research.”
We know that women are at a higher risk of developing autism, so it may be that the risk in women is greater because they’re more likely at an early age to have autism.”
The findings of the study were published in the journal Autism Research.
Professor Taylor said it was important to recognise that autism prevalence was still low, and there were still many unanswered questions about autism.
He said the researchers had been surprised by the findings of their study.
“We were surprised to see that the prevalence was lower in males than females.
But this was not surprising given that males are the ones who are more frequently diagnosed with the disorder,” he told News.
“What’s surprising about the findings is that there is still a lot of confusion about autism prevalence among males.”
There is no way of knowing if the male prevalence is lower than the female prevalence or higher, so the question that needs to be asked is: Are there any differences between males and women in autism prevalence, and are there any gaps in autism diagnostic accuracy?
“He said he was particularly concerned about the lack of information around the prevalence, as well as the fact that it is so often misdiagnosed.”
That means it is very hard for us to know whether we are seeing a male or a female with autism,” he added.”
If there are gender differences in autism diagnoses, we can’t necessarily be certain that these are the reasons behind the difference in autism diagnosis rates.
“So, it may well be that females have a higher prevalence, because they might have a greater prevalence of symptoms that are related to autism.”
Prof Taylor said he hoped the findings would be used to inform research into autism, particularly in young people, who had the highest rates of autism.
The study looked at autism symptoms, diagnosis, diagnosis of other conditions and follow-up of participants for the next two years.
Topics:autism,people,health,health-policy,healthcare-facilities,diseases-and-disorders,mental-health,mental,dementia,healthpolicy,australia,actFirst posted September 25, 2020 12:04:48Contact Sarah LathamMore stories from New South Wales